Fleas & Flea Biology
There are about 60 species of flea known in the UK and they belong to the order Syphonaptera.
Fleas are actually quite closely related to flies (Diptera) and it is thought that they have evolved from a group close to flies. Fleas feed on warm blooded animals and birds with their specially adapted mouth parts to suck blood and their saliva contains enzymes which maintains blood flowing, but also causes itchy red localized swellings.
Their flattened shape and ability to jump high are adaptations to burrow amongst hair, feather and fur and to jump from ground level onto the body of a host. Human fleas (Pulex irritans) are now rare, and most flea infestation are caused by Cat and dog fleas (Ctenocephalides sp.), are 2-3 mm long and will readily bite humans. This is also the main reason to control fleas.
Flea eggs, approximately 1mm long, are sticky, but inevitably fall of the host and onto bedding and carpets in the home were they will hatch about 3 days later. The white larvae begin feeding animal protein in the form of skin scales and blood-rich droppings from adult fleas present in dust in animal bedding and carpets. Larvae will pupate after 4 weeks in a quite site. Adult fleas emerge from pupae after a month, but the flea often remains in the cocoon, up to a year, until a suitable host stimulates it's final exit by vibrations and carbon dioxide from breathing, to leap onto the victim.
Fleas can carry diseases: Rat fleas have been transmitting bubonic plague in the past and the dog flea is known to act as a vector for the transmission of tape worms (Dipylidium caninum) which can be transmitted to children.
Getting rid of fleas: Guaranteed flea treatments for Wigan, Bolton, Liverpool, Manchester and Preston
The ability of fleas to remain dormant in homes for up to a year, and to awake and bite en masse and to cause extreme irritation is the main reason for flea control. We apply a floor spray containing an residual insecticide and a insect growth inhibitor for the treatment. In addition we use ULV fumigation to ensure complete flea eradication.
The flea pupae / cocoon is covered in a protective layer which is impenetrable to all insecticides / fumigants: Adult fleas and larvae will be killed immediately but the presence of pupae means that fleas may appear after (and even increase slightly at) the day of the flea treatment to die out within a 7-14 day period, as fleas emerging from their cocoon will get contaminated with the residual insecticide. Contact us if you require a competitive flea extermination quote and live in the Wigan, Bolton, Liverpool, Manchester or Preston area.
Guidelines before, during and after a flea treatment / ULV fumigation
Before the flea treatment:
Make sure the host (dog, cat) is treated for fleas: consult your vet
Vacuum the entire house and empty the waste compartment in the external bin: Insecticides won't work on dirty / dusty surfaces.
Clear the floor area furniture can stay in place. Make sure toys, foods etc. are removed from spraying activity.
Wash animal bedding on a high heat setting (minimum of 60 oC).
Fleas love to hide in tall grass waiting for a victim, and are able to survive outside on lawns: make sure the lawn is mown.
Vacate rooms of pets and people.
Aquariums need to be sealed (i.e. cling film).
Do not enter until insecticides are completely dry (3-4 hours). Open windows upon entry.
Do not vacuum / clean for 14 days (this is to eliminate fleas (pupae) emerging from their cocoon)
Do not avoid rooms: vibrations will activate dormant fleas from their cocoon to pick up a lethal dose of insecticide.
Expect to see minimal flea activity for 14 days after the treatment with residual insecticides / ULV fumigation.
We cover the following districts
WI: Wigan and Leigh, WL: West Lancashire, CL: Chorley, PR: Preston, BL: Bolton, HE: St. Helens, MA: Manchester, WA: Warrington, KN: Knowsley, LP: Liverpool, SE: Sefton, SP: Southport, HT: Halton, SA: Salford; TR: Trafford, SK: Stockport, TS Tameside, BR: Bury, RD: Rochdale, BB, Blackburn, HB: Hyndburn, Fl: Fleetwood, WR: Wirral, CW, CC, CE: Cheshire west, central and east.